The first step to write a literature review is to choose the focus of interest. You cannot just put everything that has ever been written about a novel all together. Choose a theme or conflict within the novel that interests you. Analyze this theme with supporting evidence, such as examples from the book, real life or both.
Once you have chosen the topic, create at least three subtopics. For instance, if your topic is the effect of violence on children, as it relates to the novel, your three subtopics could be the consequences that have resulted from children being exposed to violence, for example, how the abused children started changing their personalities and behaving patterns. The topic is the most important part of the review, so you want to choose it wisely.
The next step is to do your research at an academic level. Your school has a library with a database that allows you to search for academic journals, reports and research papers. You should be able to find as many professional sources as possible for your review.
A good rule is to synthesize what you have read regarding a certain topic into your own words in a more concise way. A literature review that is too long takes the reader’s focus off your own study. Also, too many verbatim quotes will put you at the risk of plagiarism, even if they are in the literature review section.