Why are mangroves important?
First, mangroves are delicate ecosystems that support an abundance of plant, fish and bird life. Fish and crustaceans that are born within the shallow confines of a mangrove swamp find themselves live in a safe “nursery” area, where larger predators can’t get in and little creatures can grow and develop vital survival skills before going out into the big, bad ocean. Mangroves are also important feeding grounds for many aquatic birds, which are known to suffer a drastic decrease in numbers when unable to access healthy mangrove swamps.
Mangroves protect coastlines with their snarled root structure as well, which helps to stop erosion, protects against coastal storm damage and acts as a natural filter system, trapping land sediment and preventing it from polluting the water clarity of the ocean.