As a matter of fact, poverty in Africa is really complicated in nature. Different parts of Africa suffer from a different cause that leads to their poverty. Although, not all of Africa is equally poor. In fact, their economy is growing faster now, so we have that going, albeit their poverty is only improving slowly. Globalization plays a huge role in ensuring a country to be rich these days, however, Africa doesn’t gain much in relation to other countries. African countries that are rich in oil are more likely than not to be exploited by powerful foreign corporations, Africa receiving very little in return, not even in the form of taxes. In terms of poverty distributions too, so many of her countries are just too poor to help her own people. The African countries can’t help each other and would need to rely on international aids to even improve.
Moreover, free trade agreements are all working against Africa. Africa has to compete with Europe, the USA and now, China and the rest of Asia. Africa is losing in the global market, due not being as competitive. Maybe if she can utilise one of their stronger export, i.e. oil, she could be in a much better position, unfortunately, those oils are “owned” by her competition. Not to mention with the current trend on superfoods, such as quinoa, only worsening the problem. Increasing prices, making it too expensive for the locals to even buy what used to be a staple food. We then have the classic problem where the rich get richer and the poor get poorer, with Africa receiving the short end of the stick.